Coq au vin (French: "rooster in wine") is a French fricassee of rooster cooked with wine, lardons, mushrooms, and optionally garlic. Older roosters are traditionally used because they contain a lot of connective tissue, which creates a richer broth when cooked.
Standard recipes call for a chicken, wine, lardons (salt pork), button mushrooms, often garlic, and sometimes brandy. Recipes with vin jaune usually specify morels instead of white mushrooms. The preparation is similar in many respects to Beef Bourguignon. The lardons are cut as thin strips and then parboiled to remove excess salt. They are then sauteed to render out the fat. Additional oil is added if needed in order to brown the chicken pieces. A mirepoix of diced carrots, onions, and celery is added along with minced garlic and allowed to briefly cook. Then the wine and stock are added to cover. The traditional seasonings are salt, pepper, thyme, and bay leaf (usually in the form of a bouquet garni). Mushroom stems and pieces will often be added at the beginning of the dish in order to contribute to the flavor of the sauce. Near the end of the preparation, the sauce may be strained to remove the cooked vegetables. The sauce is then returned to the chicken and the whole mushrooms and sometimes pearl onions are added for the last fifteen minutes of cooking.
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