‘Ohi'a 'ai Hawaii Mountain Apples



And more information from the Bishop Museum database 
Hawaiian Name(s): ‘ōhi‘a ‘ai, ‘ōhi‘a, ‘ōhi‘a ‘ai ke‘oke‘o, ‘ōhi‘a hākea, ‘ōhi‘a kea, ‘ōhi‘a leo, ‘ōhi‘a ‘ula

Scientific Name: Syzygium malaccense

Vernacular Name: mountain apple, Malay apple

Family: Myrtaceae

Status: Polynesian introduction

Authority: (L.) Merr. & Perry

Description: Tree, to 20 m tall.

Habitat Occuring most commonly in mesic valleys at low elevations at mesic to wet sites mesic to wet sites between 200–310 (–550) m (Wagner et al.1990:975–976).

Medicines: The bark is pounded with salt and strained through a niu leaf sheath (coconut, Cocos nucifera) for a topical medicine for open and deep cuts. For ‘ea (thrush) and pa‘ao‘ao the bark, leaves, and leaf buds are combined with kukui flowers (Aleurites moluccana), flowers, leaf buds, and leaves of the hinahina ku kahakai (Heliotropium anomalumvar. argenteum), ‘aka‘akai ‘oliana bulbs (Allium cepa), leaves, leaf buds and flowers of the ‘uhaloa (Waltheria indica), and kō honua‘ula (red sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum),. The mixture is strained through the ‘ahu‘awa (Cyperus javanicus) and drunk. Foods suitable to consume while using this medicine are fish, lu‘au, kukui, ‘uala (sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas), and fresh poi. For hauna o ka waha (bad breath) and waha pala (coated mouth), the bark is combined with moa holokula (cf. Psilotum nudum) and kō kea (white sugarcane) (Chun 1994:225–226). The bark chewed for a sore throat. Leaves were crushed and ingested for bronchitis (Abbott 1992:101). It is a secondary ingredient in numerous other medications (see other plants)

Non Medicinal Uses: Fruit eaten (Lucas 1982:58; Malo 1951:21). Used at hula altars (kuahu) (Emerson 1909:19). Dyes made from inner bark of trunk and root (brown) as well as the fruit skin (red) (Krauss 1993:66). Wood for posts, house rafters, and enclosures for heiau (Wagner et al. 1990:976), as well as being used for carved idols (Rock 1913:321). In the Ethnology Collection at Bishop Museum there is a post-contact example of the wood made into a bowl.

Specific gravity of wood: unknown

Famous Locations

Mele

`Ōlelo Noeau: [I] Ka ua ho‘opala ‘ōhi‘a. The rain that ripens the mountain apples. The rain that comes just as the mountain apple is beginning to ripen. [II] Nawele ka maka o Hinaulu‘ohi‘a. Pale is the face of Hinaulu‘ohi‘a. Said of the pink rim around the blossom end of the white mountain apple. Refers to the goddess Hina. [III] ‘Ōhi‘a noho malu. Mountain apple in the shade. Said of a beautiful or handsome person, who is compared to a mountain apple that ripens to perfection in the shade. [IV] O Hinaia‘ele‘ele ka malama, ‘aluka ka pala a ka ‘ōhi‘a. Hinaia‘ele‘ele is the month when the mountain apples ripen everywhere.

Dye Color and Parts: Brown (inner bark of trunk, root), red (fruit skin)
Bishop Museum database
--
Mahalo,

Michael Miller / Director of Operations / Partner
Tiki's Grill & Bar -  2570 Kalakaua Ave.
(808)923-8454 michaelm@tikisgrill.com
www.tikisgrill.com

Cordelia Gilman Waikiki 1908.



Our great grandmother's sister Cordelia Gilman relaxing on the lanai of her father Jacob Brown's home in Waikiki around 1908. This covered lanai was built on the beach which now fronts the Halekulani Hotel in Waikiki. - published in a modern book called letters to Halekulani. I had seen the photo and now I have a digital copy from Lauren Nottage Hogan. 

Fwd: VARA HF - Winlink contacts with map.


K6IXA @ 2020/06/19 03:54:13  USB Dial: 14101.200 at 2020/06/19 03:54:13
*** Station Bearing: 055,  Range: 2470 miles

KB6YNO @ 2020/06/19 03:58:10  USB Dial: 14107.400 at 2020/06/19 03:58:10
*** Station Bearing: 053,  Range: 2385 miles

 K6SDR @ 2020/06/19 04:13:43  USB Dial: 10144.700 at 2020/06/19 04:13:43
*** Station Bearing: 053,  Range: 2384 miles

 KD7ZDO @ 2020/06/19 04:21:21  USB Dial: 14101.200 at 2020/06/19 04:21:21
*** Station Bearing: 042,  Range: 2580 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to KG7AV @ 2020/06/19 04:32:04  USB Dial: 14102.000 at 2020/06/19 04:32:04
*** Station Bearing: 044,  Range: 2600 miles

 Winlink Vara Connection to K7RHT @ 2020/06/19 04:37:54  USB Dial: 14106.500 at 2020/06/19 04:37:54
*** Station Bearing: 040,  Range: 2727 miles

 Winlink Vara Connection to XE2BNC @ 2020/06/19 04:51:08  USB Dial: 10142.500 at 2020/06/19 04:51:08
*** Station Bearing: 064,  Range: 2609 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to KO0OOO @ 2020/06/19 07:16:48  USB Dial: 10144.500 at 2020/06/19 07:16:48
*** Station Bearing: 059,  Range: 2745 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to AJ7C @ 2020/06/19 07:21:42  USB Dial: 7100.500 at 2020/06/19 07:21:42
*** Station Bearing: 061,  Range: 2543 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to K7HTZ @ 2020/06/19 07:29:30  USB Dial: 7101.500 at 2020/06/19 07:29:30
*** Station Bearing: 039,  Range: 2635 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to VY1WLK @ 2020/06/19 07:33:34  USB Dial: 14091.000 at 2020/06/19 07:33:34*** Station Bearing: 016,  Range: 2943 mile

Winlink Vara Connection to N0DAJ @ 2020/06/19 07:35:40  USB Dial: 7101.500 at 2020/06/19 07:35:40
*** Station Bearing: 062,  Range: 2860 miles

*** Winlink Vara Connection to K7HTZ @ 2020/06/19 07:38:37  USB Dial: 14107.000 at 2020/06/19 07:38:37
*** Station Bearing: 039,  Range: 2635 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to WA5TED @ 2020/06/19 07:49:27  USB Dial: 10144.700 at 2020/06/19 07:49:27
*** Station Bearing: 063,  Range: 3479 miles

Fwd: Sending a email with NO Internet connection in Hawaii - Winlink

No Local internet? Here is a way to send emails with no internet connection. 
 
I just connected to a winlink gateway 2572 miles away.


Winlink Vara Connection to W7EES-2
USB Dial: 14109*** Station Bearing: 041,  Range: 2572 miles

W7EES-2 <-> WH6FXL
OREGON <-> HAWAII
20 Meters -  USB Dial: 14109
 2572 Miles

http://aadarc.org/images/winlink-client-.png
To be honest there are a lot of STEPS to get it to work. But it's cool once you do!

Winlink is a worldwide radio messaging system that uses amateur-band radio frequencies and government frequencies to provide radio interconnection services that include email with attachments, position reporting, weather bulletins, emergency and relief communications, and message relay.

Amateur radio users in each country follow the appropriate regulatory guidelines for their license. Some countries may limit or regulate types of amateur messaging (such as e-mail) by content, origination location, end destination, or license class of the operator. Origination of third party messages (messages sent on behalf of, or sent to, an end destination who is not an amateur operator) may also be regulated in some countries; those that limit such third party messages normally have exceptions for emergency communications. In accordance with long standing amateur radio tradition, international guidelines and FCC rules section 97.113, hams using the Winlink system are advised that it is not appropriate to use it for business communications.

PASSED! - Radio Amateur Extra Class exam!

I'm happy & excited to have passed the Radio Amateur Extra Class exam. It is the third and final in a series of exams and the highest radio operator class license in the United States.

About 712 questions are in the Extra exam pool, and the minimum passing score is 74%—many of the questions about precise circuits, regulations, and scientific effects. The exam is 50 questions.

The extra class endorsement opens up some extra band privileges, here is a list of All Amateur band privileges.  The license authorizes privileges in all 29 amateur service bands.

It also allows me to keep my current randomly assigned class sign of WH6FXL or apply for one of the call sign formats reserved for Extra licensees.

I passed my Amateur Extra exam with three VEs (Volunteer Examiners) using the video platform Zoom. I had to set up two laptops at different camera angles to show my printer and table and self. The examiners may ask you to adjust your cameras to ensure you don't use any aids. A BIG mahalo to each of them.

In the United States, amateur radio licensing is governed by the Federal Communications Commission under strict federal regulations. Licenses to operate amateur stations for personal use are granted to individuals of any age once they demonstrate an understanding of both pertinent FCC regulations and knowledge of radio station operation and safety considerations.

Here is the more info from the FCC Site:

Most new amateur radio operators start at the Technician Class and then may advance to the General Class or Amateur Extra Class. The VEs give examination credit for the license class currently held so that examinations required for that license class need not be repeated. The VEs prepare the written examinations from question pools that have been made public. Helpful study guides and training courses are widely available.

Technician

The privileges of a Technician Class operator license include operating an amateur station that may transmit on channels in any of 17 frequency bands above 50 MHz with up to 1,500 watts of power. To pass the Technician Class examination, at least 26 questions from a 35 question written examination must be answered correctly. Technician Class licensees also have privileges in four amateur service bands in the HF range (3-30 MHz) (Refer to Section 97.301(e)).

General

The General Class operator license authorizes privileges in all 29 amateur service bands. Upon accreditation by a Volunteer-Examiner Coordinator (VEC), an individual can help administer certain examinations. In addition to the above written examination, the requirement for a General Class operator license includes a 35 question written examination for which 26 correctly answered questions is the minimum passing score.

Amateur Extra

The privileges of an Amateur Extra Class operator license include additional spectrum in the HF bands. In addition to the two above written examinations, the requirement for an Amateur Extra Class operator license includes answering correctly at least 37 questions on a 50 question written examination.

Upgrade Triband Antenna


Add more height with little cost. 

Ed Fong’s TBJ-1  (ham) triband base antenna (144-148 MHz, 222-225MHz, 440-450 MHz) Maximum power 75 watt
.  Using things I already had. Mahalo to WH6GL for the fair deal on the antenna.  Painted all parts so it looks nice. 

Old wooden umbrella pole that has a steel pipe in the center. Sanded down to slip inside galvanized pipe. 

My 20 meter 23 contacts

Date Time Call Band Freq Mode Grid Country Operator Name Comments
1 2020-05-12 08:20 LA3VJA 20m 14.268 SSB JP64cl Norway Per Hovik
2 2020-05-12 08:17 LB7NH 20m 14.268 SSB JO49TT Norway Tom Roger Lurdalen
3 2020-05-12 08:12 OH1BNL 20m 14.268 SSB KP11DV Finland Jaakko Heinonen 1.5k 
4 2020-05-12 08:11 GW6LHF 20m 14.268 SSB IO72qc Wales Danny Owen
5 2020-05-12 08:08 DH8BAC 20m 14.268 SSB JO33tf Germany Christian Chris Tuitjer
6 2020-05-12 08:02 RU3EG 20m 14.268 SSB KO82aw Russia Sergey V. Churikov 1k 
7 2020-05-12 08:01 M0IQD 20m 14.268 SSB JO01jh England Tony Mcloud
8 2020-05-12 07:57 SA0ARJ 20m 14.268 SSB JO99am Sweden Stig Adolfsson
9 2020-05-12 07:54 SQ5AM 20m 14.268 SSB KO02lg Poland Adrian Matusik
10 2020-05-12 07:49 OE7AJH 20m 14.268 SSB JN66jt Austria Andy HOLZER
11 2020-05-12 07:44 HB9RDE 20m 14.268 SSB JN37li Switzerland Rolf Oppler
12 2020-05-12 07:43 SM4CTT 20m 14.268 SSB JO69rh Sweden GOESTA LARSSON
13 2020-05-12 07:38 G0UWK 20m 14.268 SSB IO83vc England Ian Goodier 4 deq c. 
14 2020-05-12 07:36 RA9V 20m 14.268 SSB NO34bj Russia Alex Urban
15 2020-05-12 07:33 ON4GI 20m 14.268 SSB JO20fx Belgium Gilbert Ickmans
16 2020-05-12 07:31 SP5INQ 20m 14.268 SSB KO01tr Poland ZENON KUCIAK
17 2020-05-12 07:26 SN25EBM 20m 14.268 SSB KO02pd Poland Maciej  25 years! 
18 2020-05-12 07:24 I7WL 20m 14.268 SSB Italy GIUSEPPE DONATO
19 2020-05-12 07:19 SM7EHU 20m 14.268 SSB JO77jh Sweden PER-ANDERS "Pelle" ANDERSSON
20 2020-05-12 07:15 JG1UMO 20m 14.268 SSB QM05cp Japan TATEKI TED KURISAKI
21 2020-05-12 07:06 IZ3ZTZ 20m 14.268 SSB JN65ek Italy Mariano Don 1985 came Maui 
22 2020-05-12 06:51 OZ6CM 20m 14.268 SSB JO55UP Denmark Mr. Carsten Malm toast 
23 2020-05-12 03:56 KJ7LPO 40m 7.188 SSB DN28IJ United State

2am- Sending emails with Ham Radio vara hf

Using my High frequency Radio Icom ic-7300 & old Laptop to send & receive emails. Antenna is a G5RV JR. Set in a inverted L.  

Good practice in case the internet goes down in a disaster in Hawaii.  Vara HF was the mode I was using. 

13 stations connected. 40 meters works good at this time of night. 


 (Winlink -Telnet, Packet, Pactor, Pactor Robust, Winmor)Ham Radio Crash CourseWinlink Digital Communications GroupHawaii Ham Radio Group

Two islands and two wild pork dishes.

Two islands and two dishes. Alexander Miller is my younger brother. We both caught wild pigs. 


My dish was smoked meat with blueberry jam, sweet onions, garlic, green onions and garlic chives with a rice ball. Plate up and photo by Lisa Menor Miller and smoking done my a buddy Scully! 


Alex’s dish was classic cooked with modern technology! Pork with the fat left on sprinkled with Pa'akai (Hawaiian word for salt), wrapped kalo lau then in ti leaf and tied with twine, steamed in a instapot using steam function twice for about 2 hours.