WH6FXL MAKES THE NEWS in Great Britain

Radio Society of Great Britain


Propagation News – 26 July 2020

| July 24, 2020

We had quite a quiet week with the Sun with zero sunspots and a settled geomagnetic field. The solar wind speed was slow, between 280 and 330km per second, and its magnetic field was weak, with no significant negative deflections in its important north-south Bz direction. Therefore, the resultant geomagnetic activity was settled.

On the 21st a sunspot appeared around the Sun’s limb. Now classified as sunspot group 2767, on Thursday it contained one sunspot, but its simple uni-polar magnetic signature suggests it is non-threatening.

We do expect the Kp index to rise on Friday, the 24th, due to the arrival of a coronal hole high speed stream. Modest magnetic enhancement is also forecast for 25 July with the possible arrival of a slow CME from the 19th.

Expect a possible pre-aurora enhancement followed by the potential for suppressed maximum usable frequencies over the weekend and into early next week.

HF conditions have been generally lacklustre, but Laurie, G3UML reports that WH6FXL and WA6QDQ/KH6, both in Hawaii, were both quite readable signals on 20m SSB at 0800 on Wednesday. Tom, GM4FDM reports working two JAs on 17m using his newly-erected dipole. The 10m UK Net group on Facebook also reported an FT8 opening to Japan on Monday as well.

This just goes to show that you shouldn’t just write off the summer as being no good for DX.

Next week NOAA predicts the solar flux index will remain in the high 60s with the Kp index between two and three. This generally suggests that HF conditions will remain similar to last week. Expect sporadic E openings on 10 metres to continue, although not at the rate that we had earlier in the month.

VHF and up

A series of low-pressure systems passing close by northern Scotland and various fronts crossing the country mean that there are likely to be few opportunities for tropo this week. High pressure is displaced to the south over France so any tropo will be mostly likely from southern England into the continent or across Biscay to Spain. That brings rain scatter on the GHz bands onto the agenda for many regions of the UK at some time or other during the coming week.

Sporadic E still warrants a mention, but it is becoming more elusive as we move towards August. It’s not a ‘no chance’, but it will need some strategy for being in the right place at the right time. The best options will be to monitor 10m or 6m mid-morning and again late afternoon or early evening. Paths on FT8 will prove good indicators of which direction might deliver as the Es develops.

With the Moon declination negative and falling further as the week progresses, Moon visibility windows will shorten and peak elevation will be just 32 degrees this Sunday and falling, leading up to minimum declination a week from Sunday.

Perigee will be Saturday, 1 August, so path losses are now increasing. 144MHz sky noise peaks at 2,500 Kelvin on Friday, so low noise preamps won’t help you that day.

The Southern Delta Aquarids meteor shower has a broad peak from the 26th to the 31st with a Zenithal Hourly Rate of 25, so look for enhanced meteor scatter activity in the coming week. In Europe, the shower radiant is above the horizon at night or in the early mornings.

Category: GB2RS Propagation News

WH6FXL - Results EARCHI.org END FED 6–40 Meter Multiband HF Antenna FT-8, Winlink, SSB

WH6FXL - Results  EARCHI.org END FED 6–40 Meter Multiband HF Antenna FT-8, Winlink, SSB
25 foot pole with 66'8" of #14 wire sloping in the air
Counterpoise  66'8 of #14 wire on the ground

25' of Coax to a AT-100ProII LDG auto tuner and into a ICOM 7300 running around 100watt. No Amp.

""Trifilar wound, 9:1 UNUN (unbalance to unbalance) toroid matching transformer that will match the high input impedance of an end fed antenna into the range where most antenna tuners can produce good performance. The matchbox handles 100 watts of power. This project requires an antenna tuner to achieve satisfactory SWR. If you need an auto tuner, we recommend the LDG line of auto tuners, shown to work well with these matchbox antennas, and highly rated by users. http://www.earchi.org/92011endfedfiles/Endfed6_40.pdf

ORDERING A MATCHBOX ANTENNA FROM EARC.- http://www.earchi.org/proj_homebrew.html
Volunteers of the Honolulu Emergency Amateur Radio Club (EARC) carefully assemble the 6-40 End Fed matchbox antennas for those who prefer not to build one. For a donation of $56 (Including USPS priority mail shipping) club volunteers will build and deliver a 6-40 matchbox with a 30 foot antenna wire anywhere in the U.S., we do not ship internationally. Note that coax cable is not included. Aloha EARC.
We only ship to the USA only, sorry no International Shipping. Thank you.
1
2020-07-29 06:42 DL8UI 17m 18.102 FT8 JO41 Germany



2 2020-07-29 06:40 JR1AQI 17m 18.102 FT8 PM95 Japan



3 2020-07-29 06:38 F4FCE 17m 18.102 FT8 JN17 France



4 2020-07-29 06:36 JH0EHQ 17m 18.102 FT8 PM96 Japan



5 2020-07-29 06:35 F4HIK 17m 18.102 FT8 JN06 France



6 2020-07-29 06:34 JH3IOY 17m 18.102 FT8 PM74qr Japan



7 2020-07-29 06:32 VA7ILO 17m 18.102 FT8 CN89 Canada



8 2020-07-29 06:29 F6EQZ 17m 18.102 FT8 JN19xf France



9 2020-07-29 06:22 OE3XMC 20m 14.075 FT8 JN88dc Austria



10 2020-07-29 06:21 PC1Y 20m 14.075 FT8 JO21gx Netherlands



11 2020-07-29 06:19 OE3KLU 20m 14.075 FT8 JN88fd Austria



12 2020-07-29 06:13 JA4JKO 20m 14.075 FT8
Japan



13 2020-07-29 06:13 VE7UM 20m 14.075 FT8 CN89 Canada



14 2020-07-29 06:10 EA3GCT 20m 14.075 FT8 JN01 Spain



15 2020-07-29 06:09 MI0NWA 20m 14.075 FT8 IO64 Northern Ireland



16 2020-07-29 06:05 ON7WM 20m 14.076 FT8 JO21 Belgium



17 2020-07-29 06:03 I3BUI 20m 14.076 FT8 JN55 Italy



18 2020-07-29 06:01 PB75A 20m 14.076 FT8 JO22ga Netherlands



19 2020-07-29 05:31 AI6ZC 40m 7.186 SSB CM98JP United States

20 2020-07-28 06:24 7L4LKK 20m 14.160 SSB QM06gi Japan

Winlink Stations reached using EARCHI.org END FED 6–4

 Winlink Vara Connection to KH6NS USB Dial: 3585.000 at 2020/07/29 07:06:36 *** Station Bearing: 298, Range: 116 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to WH6FG USB Dial: 7105.500 at 2020/07/29 07:09:56*** Station Bearing: 289, Range: 118 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to K6SDR USB Dial: 7102.200 at 2020/07/29 07:17:39*** Station Bearing: 053, Range: 2384 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to KJ6IX USB Dial: 7100.000 at 2020/07/29 07:23:47 *** Station Bearing: 053, Range: 2548 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to N7TRY-2 USB Dial: 7101.000 at 2020/07/29 07:30:16 *** Station Bearing: 042, Range: 2570 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to K6MBY USB Dial: 7101.500 at 2020/07/29 07:43:13*** Station Bearing: 038, Range: 2657 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to K7HTZ USB Dial: 7101.200 at 2020/07/29 07:47:44*** Station Bearing: 039, Range: 2635 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to KO0OOO USB Dial: 7096.500 at 2020/07/29 08:00:05*** Station Bearing: 059, Range: 2745 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to N0DAJ USB Dial: 7106.500 at 2020/07/29 08:03:25*** Station Bearing: 062, Range: 2860 miles

WH6FXL results IARU HF World Championship

IARU HF World Championship

Objective: To support amateur self-training in radiocommunications including improving amateur operating skills, conducting technical investigations, and intercommunicating with other amateurs around the world, especially IARU member society headquarters stations, using the 160, 80, 40, 20, 15 and 10-meter bands. 24 HOUR CONTEST.  To see more information and results go to http://www.arrl.org/iaru-hf-world-championship


The International Amateur Radio Union iaru.org is an international confederation of national amateur radio organisations that allows a forum for common matters of concern and collectively represents matters to the International Telecommunication Union. The International Amateur Radio Union was founded in 1925 and, as of November 2019, it is composed of 172 national member societies

Radio amateurs should always look for opportunities to address communication challenges through the application of technology. Growing numbers of stations including Multi Operator stations are capable of being operated remotely. The IARU encourages their participation in the HF World Championship wherever national regulations permit.
Here is a look at my logbook from QRZ.com

1 2020-07-12 08:55 DA0HQ 40M 7.158 SSB JO50lq Germany Contest Station


2 2020-07-12 08:52 JA3AOP 40M 7.158 SSB PM74kj Japan AKIRA SUGIYAMA


3 2020-07-12 08:43 NH6GY 40M 7.158 SSB BL11ch Hawaii ANTHONY M CAMPBELL


4 2020-07-12 08:40 KC1XX 40M 7.158 SSB FN42dr United States MATTHIAS STRELOW


5 2020-07-12 08:40 NX6T 40M 7.182 SSB DM13ih United States SAN DIEGO CONTEST CLUB


6 2020-07-12 08:28 KH2JU 40M 7.181 SSB QK23km Guam Danilo I Pobre


7 2020-07-12 07:23 KT7E 20M 14.322 SSB CN85mm United States JOSEPH B BATTY


8 2020-07-12 07:18 UW5Y 20M 14.322 SSB KN28wh Ukraine Contest Call


9 2020-07-12 07:13 MM0HCD 20M 14.322 SSB IO86ea Scotland Fraser Williamson


10 2020-07-12 06:28 S53MM 20M 14.315 SSB JN76gd Slovenia Matija Brodnik


11 2020-07-12 06:27 OZ1HQ 20M 14.305 SSB JJ00aa Denmark EDR Headquarters


12 2020-07-12 06:26 EA3CI 20M 14.295 SSB JN11nu Spain LLUIS .


13 2020-07-12 06:24 KK6P 20M 14.276 SSB CM95pn United States Rolling Ranch Contest Club


14 2020-07-12 06:21 SN0HQ 20M 14.254 SSB KO02mf Poland Special call for IARU HF World Championship


15 2020-07-12 06:19 TM0HQ 20M 14.247 SSB JJ00aa France HQ HQ Station


16 2020-07-12 06:17 F5LIW 20M 14.221 SSB JN27oe France Alain 'Alan' MINARD


17 2020-07-12 06:15 S50HQ 20M 14.218 SSB JN76bg Slovenia ZRS ZVEZA RADIOAMATERJEV SLOVENIJE


18 2020-07-12 06:13 9A0HQ 20M 14.203 SSB JJ00aa Croatia Hrvatski radioamaterski savez HRS


19 2020-07-12 06:10 ER7HQ 20M 14.200 SSB JJ00aa Moldova ARM HEADQUARTERS STATION ER7HQ


20 2020-07-12 06:00 OH2HQ 20M 14.263 SSB JJ00aa Finland HQ Station


21 2020-07-12 05:42 DA0HG 20M 14.285 SSB
Germany



22 2020-07-12 05:37 K6ACV 20M 14.178 SSB CM95kx United States David M Miller


23 2020-07-12 05:36 W6GAE 20M 14.178 SSB CM98DE United States Michael Gaertner


24 2020-07-12 05:34 W7VO 20M 14.178 SSB CN85nt United States MICHAEL T RITZ


25 2020-07-12 05:34 F1RAF 20M 14.178 SSB JN18kd France NICOLAS FORTINEAU


26 2020-07-12 05:30 HG8A 20M 14.296 SSB
Hungary



27 2020-07-12 05:24 OL0HQ 20M 14.331 SSB JJ00aa Czech Republic Czech Radio Club HQ Station


28 2020-07-12 02:41 KE8FT 20M 14.218 SSB EN82ij United States Giuseppe Molinaro


29 2020-07-12 02:35 VE5MX 20M 14.218 SSB DN89aq Canada Einar Todd Bendtsen

‘Ohi'a 'ai Hawaii Mountain Apples



And more information from the Bishop Museum database 
Hawaiian Name(s): ‘ōhi‘a ‘ai, ‘ōhi‘a, ‘ōhi‘a ‘ai ke‘oke‘o, ‘ōhi‘a hākea, ‘ōhi‘a kea, ‘ōhi‘a leo, ‘ōhi‘a ‘ula

Scientific Name: Syzygium malaccense

Vernacular Name: mountain apple, Malay apple

Family: Myrtaceae

Status: Polynesian introduction

Authority: (L.) Merr. & Perry

Description: Tree, to 20 m tall.

Habitat Occuring most commonly in mesic valleys at low elevations at mesic to wet sites mesic to wet sites between 200–310 (–550) m (Wagner et al.1990:975–976).

Medicines: The bark is pounded with salt and strained through a niu leaf sheath (coconut, Cocos nucifera) for a topical medicine for open and deep cuts. For ‘ea (thrush) and pa‘ao‘ao the bark, leaves, and leaf buds are combined with kukui flowers (Aleurites moluccana), flowers, leaf buds, and leaves of the hinahina ku kahakai (Heliotropium anomalumvar. argenteum), ‘aka‘akai ‘oliana bulbs (Allium cepa), leaves, leaf buds and flowers of the ‘uhaloa (Waltheria indica), and kō honua‘ula (red sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum),. The mixture is strained through the ‘ahu‘awa (Cyperus javanicus) and drunk. Foods suitable to consume while using this medicine are fish, lu‘au, kukui, ‘uala (sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas), and fresh poi. For hauna o ka waha (bad breath) and waha pala (coated mouth), the bark is combined with moa holokula (cf. Psilotum nudum) and kō kea (white sugarcane) (Chun 1994:225–226). The bark chewed for a sore throat. Leaves were crushed and ingested for bronchitis (Abbott 1992:101). It is a secondary ingredient in numerous other medications (see other plants)

Non Medicinal Uses: Fruit eaten (Lucas 1982:58; Malo 1951:21). Used at hula altars (kuahu) (Emerson 1909:19). Dyes made from inner bark of trunk and root (brown) as well as the fruit skin (red) (Krauss 1993:66). Wood for posts, house rafters, and enclosures for heiau (Wagner et al. 1990:976), as well as being used for carved idols (Rock 1913:321). In the Ethnology Collection at Bishop Museum there is a post-contact example of the wood made into a bowl.

Specific gravity of wood: unknown

Famous Locations

Mele

`Ōlelo Noeau: [I] Ka ua ho‘opala ‘ōhi‘a. The rain that ripens the mountain apples. The rain that comes just as the mountain apple is beginning to ripen. [II] Nawele ka maka o Hinaulu‘ohi‘a. Pale is the face of Hinaulu‘ohi‘a. Said of the pink rim around the blossom end of the white mountain apple. Refers to the goddess Hina. [III] ‘Ōhi‘a noho malu. Mountain apple in the shade. Said of a beautiful or handsome person, who is compared to a mountain apple that ripens to perfection in the shade. [IV] O Hinaia‘ele‘ele ka malama, ‘aluka ka pala a ka ‘ōhi‘a. Hinaia‘ele‘ele is the month when the mountain apples ripen everywhere.

Dye Color and Parts: Brown (inner bark of trunk, root), red (fruit skin)
Bishop Museum database
--
Mahalo,

Michael Miller / Director of Operations / Partner
Tiki's Grill & Bar -  2570 Kalakaua Ave.
(808)923-8454 michaelm@tikisgrill.com
www.tikisgrill.com

Cordelia Gilman Waikiki 1908.



Our great grandmother's sister Cordelia Gilman relaxing on the lanai of her father Jacob Brown's home in Waikiki around 1908. This covered lanai was built on the beach which now fronts the Halekulani Hotel in Waikiki. - published in a modern book called letters to Halekulani. I had seen the photo and now I have a digital copy from Lauren Nottage Hogan. 

Fwd: VARA HF - Winlink contacts with map.


K6IXA @ 2020/06/19 03:54:13  USB Dial: 14101.200 at 2020/06/19 03:54:13
*** Station Bearing: 055,  Range: 2470 miles

KB6YNO @ 2020/06/19 03:58:10  USB Dial: 14107.400 at 2020/06/19 03:58:10
*** Station Bearing: 053,  Range: 2385 miles

 K6SDR @ 2020/06/19 04:13:43  USB Dial: 10144.700 at 2020/06/19 04:13:43
*** Station Bearing: 053,  Range: 2384 miles

 KD7ZDO @ 2020/06/19 04:21:21  USB Dial: 14101.200 at 2020/06/19 04:21:21
*** Station Bearing: 042,  Range: 2580 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to KG7AV @ 2020/06/19 04:32:04  USB Dial: 14102.000 at 2020/06/19 04:32:04
*** Station Bearing: 044,  Range: 2600 miles

 Winlink Vara Connection to K7RHT @ 2020/06/19 04:37:54  USB Dial: 14106.500 at 2020/06/19 04:37:54
*** Station Bearing: 040,  Range: 2727 miles

 Winlink Vara Connection to XE2BNC @ 2020/06/19 04:51:08  USB Dial: 10142.500 at 2020/06/19 04:51:08
*** Station Bearing: 064,  Range: 2609 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to KO0OOO @ 2020/06/19 07:16:48  USB Dial: 10144.500 at 2020/06/19 07:16:48
*** Station Bearing: 059,  Range: 2745 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to AJ7C @ 2020/06/19 07:21:42  USB Dial: 7100.500 at 2020/06/19 07:21:42
*** Station Bearing: 061,  Range: 2543 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to K7HTZ @ 2020/06/19 07:29:30  USB Dial: 7101.500 at 2020/06/19 07:29:30
*** Station Bearing: 039,  Range: 2635 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to VY1WLK @ 2020/06/19 07:33:34  USB Dial: 14091.000 at 2020/06/19 07:33:34*** Station Bearing: 016,  Range: 2943 mile

Winlink Vara Connection to N0DAJ @ 2020/06/19 07:35:40  USB Dial: 7101.500 at 2020/06/19 07:35:40
*** Station Bearing: 062,  Range: 2860 miles

*** Winlink Vara Connection to K7HTZ @ 2020/06/19 07:38:37  USB Dial: 14107.000 at 2020/06/19 07:38:37
*** Station Bearing: 039,  Range: 2635 miles

Winlink Vara Connection to WA5TED @ 2020/06/19 07:49:27  USB Dial: 10144.700 at 2020/06/19 07:49:27
*** Station Bearing: 063,  Range: 3479 miles

Fwd: Sending a email with NO Internet connection in Hawaii - Winlink

No Local internet? Here is a way to send emails with no internet connection. 
 
I just connected to a winlink gateway 2572 miles away.


Winlink Vara Connection to W7EES-2
USB Dial: 14109*** Station Bearing: 041,  Range: 2572 miles

W7EES-2 <-> WH6FXL
OREGON <-> HAWAII
20 Meters -  USB Dial: 14109
 2572 Miles

http://aadarc.org/images/winlink-client-.png
To be honest there are a lot of STEPS to get it to work. But it's cool once you do!

Winlink is a worldwide radio messaging system that uses amateur-band radio frequencies and government frequencies to provide radio interconnection services that include email with attachments, position reporting, weather bulletins, emergency and relief communications, and message relay.

Amateur radio users in each country follow the appropriate regulatory guidelines for their license. Some countries may limit or regulate types of amateur messaging (such as e-mail) by content, origination location, end destination, or license class of the operator. Origination of third party messages (messages sent on behalf of, or sent to, an end destination who is not an amateur operator) may also be regulated in some countries; those that limit such third party messages normally have exceptions for emergency communications. In accordance with long standing amateur radio tradition, international guidelines and FCC rules section 97.113, hams using the Winlink system are advised that it is not appropriate to use it for business communications.

PASSED! - Radio Amateur Extra Class exam!

I'm happy & excited to have passed the Radio Amateur Extra Class exam. It is the third and final in a series of exams and the highest radio operator class license in the United States.

About 712 questions are in the Extra exam pool, and the minimum passing score is 74%—many of the questions about precise circuits, regulations, and scientific effects. The exam is 50 questions.

The extra class endorsement opens up some extra band privileges, here is a list of All Amateur band privileges.  The license authorizes privileges in all 29 amateur service bands.

It also allows me to keep my current randomly assigned class sign of WH6FXL or apply for one of the call sign formats reserved for Extra licensees.

I passed my Amateur Extra exam with three VEs (Volunteer Examiners) using the video platform Zoom. I had to set up two laptops at different camera angles to show my printer and table and self. The examiners may ask you to adjust your cameras to ensure you don't use any aids. A BIG mahalo to each of them.

In the United States, amateur radio licensing is governed by the Federal Communications Commission under strict federal regulations. Licenses to operate amateur stations for personal use are granted to individuals of any age once they demonstrate an understanding of both pertinent FCC regulations and knowledge of radio station operation and safety considerations.

Here is the more info from the FCC Site:

Most new amateur radio operators start at the Technician Class and then may advance to the General Class or Amateur Extra Class. The VEs give examination credit for the license class currently held so that examinations required for that license class need not be repeated. The VEs prepare the written examinations from question pools that have been made public. Helpful study guides and training courses are widely available.

Technician

The privileges of a Technician Class operator license include operating an amateur station that may transmit on channels in any of 17 frequency bands above 50 MHz with up to 1,500 watts of power. To pass the Technician Class examination, at least 26 questions from a 35 question written examination must be answered correctly. Technician Class licensees also have privileges in four amateur service bands in the HF range (3-30 MHz) (Refer to Section 97.301(e)).

General

The General Class operator license authorizes privileges in all 29 amateur service bands. Upon accreditation by a Volunteer-Examiner Coordinator (VEC), an individual can help administer certain examinations. In addition to the above written examination, the requirement for a General Class operator license includes a 35 question written examination for which 26 correctly answered questions is the minimum passing score.

Amateur Extra

The privileges of an Amateur Extra Class operator license include additional spectrum in the HF bands. In addition to the two above written examinations, the requirement for an Amateur Extra Class operator license includes answering correctly at least 37 questions on a 50 question written examination.